Stock Based Compensation
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2011
|Stock Based Compensation [Abstract]|
|Stock Based Compensation||
NOTE 8: STOCK BASED COMPENSATION
WRIT maintains short-term and long-term incentive plans that allow for stock-based awards to officers and non-officer employees. Stock based awards are provided to officers and non-officer employees, as well as trustees, under the Washington Real Estate Investment Trust 2007 Omnibus Long-Term Incentive Plan which allows for awards in the form of restricted shares, restricted share units, options, and other awards up to an aggregate of 2,000,000 shares over the ten year period in which the plan will be in effect. Restricted share units are converted into shares of our stock upon full vesting through the issuance of new shares.
WRIT's Compensation Committee conducted an extensive review of our executive compensation philosophy and a fundamental redesign of our short-term and long-term incentive plans for our officers, resulting in new short-term incentive ("New STIP") and new long-term incentive ("New LTIP") plans, which were approved by the Compensation Committee and Board on February 17, 2011 and were effective as of January 1, 2011.
Under the New STIP, officers will earn awards, payable 50% in cash and 50% in restricted shares, based on a percentage of salary and achieving various performance conditions within a one-year performance period (except for 15% of such restricted share awards which will be exclusively service-based).
With respect to the 50% of the New STIP award payable in restricted shares, (i) the restricted shares subject to performance conditions will vest over a three-year period commencing on the January 1 following the end of the one-year performance period, and (ii) the restricted shares subject only to a service condition will vest over a three year period commencing at the beginning of the one-year performance period.
With respect to the 50% of the award payable in cash, the officer may elect to defer up to 80% of the cash portion pursuant to WRIT's deferred compensation plan for officers. If the officer makes such election, the cash will be converted to restricted share units and WRIT will match 25% of deferred amounts in restricted share units.
For the service based awards we recognize compensation expense based on the grant date fair value, ratably over a three-year period commencing with the start of the performance period. With respect to the restricted shares subject to performance conditions expected to be awarded under the New STIP at the end of the one-year performance period, we recognize compensation expense based on the current fair market value of the probable award until the performance condition has been met, according to a graded vesting schedule over a four-year period commencing with the date the performance targets were established. Approximately 20% of the restricted shares subject to performance conditions awarded by the Compensation Committee at the end of the one-year performance period are based on subjective strategic acquisition and disposition goal criteria, for which we recognize compensation expense when the grant date occurs at the end of the one-year period.
Under the New LTIP, officers will earn awards, payable 50% in unrestricted shares and 50% in restricted shares, based on a percentage of salary and achieving various market and performance conditions during a defined three-year performance period (e.g., commencing on January 1, 2011 and concluding on December 31, 2013).
New LTIP performance will be evaluated on objective and subjective performance goals and weightings. Of the officers' total potential award, 40% is subject to market conditions based on absolute total shareholder return ("TSR") and relative TSR. The remaining 60% of the award is based primarily on strategic plan fulfillment, evaluated and determined by the Compensation Committee in its discretion at the end of the three-year performance period.
The unrestricted shares vest immediately at the end of the three-year performance period, and the restricted shares vest over a one-year period commencing on the January 1 following the end of the three-year performance period.
With respect to the 40% of the New LTIP subject to market conditions we recognize compensation expense ratably (over three years for the 50% unrestricted shares and over four years for the 50% restricted shares) based on the grant date fair value, as determined using a Monte Carlo simulation, and regardless of whether the market conditions are achieved and the awards ultimately vest. With respect to the 60% subjective portion of the New LTIP, we will recognize compensation expense for the 50% unrestricted shares when the grant date has occurred at the end of the three year performance period. We will recognize compensation expense for the 50% restricted shares over the one-year vesting period commencing upon the grant date at the end of the three-year performance period.
Modification of Prior LTIP Awards
In connection with the adoption of the New STIP and the New LTIP, the prior LTIP for officers was amended such that awards subject to performance conditions through 2012 under the prior LTIP were converted when the new plans were adopted into 154,400 restricted share units as of February 17, 2011. Such restricted share units will vest consistent with the periods in which they otherwise would have vested under the terms of the prior LTIP (i.e., either December 31, 2011 or December 31, 2012). We accounted for the amendment of these awards as a modification.
Other non-officer members of management continue to earn restricted share units under the prior LTIP based upon various percentages of their salaries that vest ratably over five years from the grant date based upon continued employment. We recognize compensation expense for these awards according to a graded vesting schedule over six years from the date the performance target was established.
We continue to award trustees share based compensation on an annual basis in the form of restricted shares which vest immediately and are restricted from sale for the period of the trustees' service.
Total Compensation Expense
Total compensation expense recognized in the consolidated financial statements for all share based awards, including share grants, restricted share units and performance share units, in the 2011 and 2010 Quarters was (in thousands):
Restricted and Unrestricted Shares
The total fair value of prior period shares vested during the 2011 Period is $28,800; no shares vested during the 2011 Quarter. As of September 30, 2011, there are no remaining unvested restricted shares granted under prior LTIPs.
During the 2011 Period, 10,822 restricted shares, with a total fair value of $0.3 million, were granted under the New STIP to officers for the portion of the New STIP award subject only to service conditions. We value these awards based on the fair market value on the date of grant. As of September 30, 2011, the total unamortized value of these unvested share awards was $265,600, which we expect to recognize as compensation expense over a weighted average period of 27 months. As of September 30, 2011, the future expected expense related to restricted shares with performance conditions, estimated based on the probable number of restricted shares expected to be awarded under the New STIP, totaled $0.6 million, which we expect to recognize as compensation cost over a weighted average period of 28 months.
Restricted and Unrestricted Shares with Market Conditions
Stock based awards with market conditions under the New LTIP were granted in February 2011 with fair market values, as determined using a Monte Carlo simulation, as follows (in thousands):
The unamortized value of these awards with market conditions as of September 30, 2011 was as follows (in thousands):
We expect to recognize these unamortized values as compensation expense over a weighted average life of 39 months for the restricted shares and 27 months for the unrestricted shares.
Restricted Share Units
Restricted share units granted to officers and non-officers in prior periods continue to vest in the current year. The total fair value of restricted share units vested during the 2011 Quarter is zero and during the Period is $247,100. In connection with the adoption of new executive incentive plans, on February 17, 2011, all performance share units were converted into a fixed number of restricted share units. The total number of restricted share units awarded was 89,000 and 65,400, which vest on December 31, 2011 and December 31, 2012, respectively. The value of unvested restricted share units at September 30, 2011 was $4.1 million, which we expect to recognize as compensation cost over a weighted average period of 27 months. As of September 30, 2011, the future expected expense related to restricted share units with performance conditions expected to be awarded to non-officers in December 2011 is $0.8 million, which we expect to recognize as compensation cost over a weighted average period of 28 months.
WRIT still has options outstanding from the 2001 Stock Option Plan and Stock Option Plan for Trustees. The 103,102 options outstanding at September 30, 2011, all of which are exercisable, have exercise prices between $24.85 and $33.09, with a weighted-average exercise price of $27.31 and a weighted average remaining contractual life of 1.6 years. The aggregate intrinsic value of outstanding exercisable shares at September 30, 2011 was $0.1 million. There were 42,883 options exercised in the 2011 Period, with an aggregate intrinsic value of $0.2 million.
Tabular disclosure of components of a stock option or other award plan under which equity-based compensation is awarded to employees, typically comprised of the amount of unearned compensation (deferred compensation cost), compensation expense, and changes in the quantity and fair value of the shares (or other type of equity) granted, exercised, forfeited, and issued and outstanding pertaining to that plan. Disclosure may also include nature and general terms of such arrangements that existed during the period and potential effects of those arrangements on shareholders, effect of compensation cost arising from equity-based payment arrangements on the income statement, method of estimating the fair value of the goods or services received, or the fair value of the equity instruments granted, during the period, cash flow effects resulting from equity-based payment arrangements and, for registrants that accelerate vesting of out of the money share options, reasons for the decision to accelerate.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef